Wheeling's beginnings came as an overnight stop for travelers from Chicago who were headed to the Wisconsin Territory via the overland trail now known as Milwaukee Avenue (Illinois Route 21). The string of inns, taverns and eateries established in the 1830's was the start of what is now Wheeling's renowned Restaurant Row.
Farmers took advantage of the area's fertile soil, and growing overland transportation network. Soon the stage stop community began to export its crops. Wheeling became particularly well known for its landscaping nurseries.
Later, in step with the growth of Metro Chicago, Wheeling emerged as a center for industry and commerce in the 1960's. Manufacturing plants that clustered in Wheeling brought rail transportation (SOO LINE) for the shipping of freight to and from the area. These manufacturers were followed by the development of residential neighborhoods. Commercial development followed the population growth.
The Wheeling Historical Society keeps the history of the community alive for posterity. The Society's Museum is located in Wheeling Park District's Chamber Park, 251 North Wolf Road.
Community Consolidated School District 21 ( http://www.d21.k12.il.us/ ) and Prospect Heights School District 23 (http://www.d23.org/ ) serve the Village of Wheeling for primary and middle school education. With few exceptions these school districts have fared well in comparison with state averages gauged in Illinois Standard Assessment Test (ISAT).
Wheeling's secondary education students attend Township High School District 214's ( http://www.dist214.k12.il.us/ ) Wheeling and Buffalo Grove High Schools. Both schools offer a full range of courses, with emphasis on college preparatory curriculum. Each High School also fared very well in PSAE testing.
Indian Trails Public Library District (http://www.itpld.lib.il.us/)
Indian Trails Public Library District services the Wheeling area. The District has recently completed an expansion of its library facility, located in Wheeling, designed to meet the needs of the area's growing population. The library's state of the art facilities offer a full range of programs for adults, families and children.
Prospect Heights Public Library (http://www.phl.alibrary.com/)
The Prospect Heights Public Library also serves areas in the Village of Wheeling.
Today, as in Wheeling's origin, transportation and accessibility continue as one of the Village's most important assets. Interstate 294 is the eastern boundary of the Village with nearby interchanges at Lake-Cook and Palatine Roads. I-294 allows easy access to O'Hare International Airport (7 miles), Chicago's Loop (35 minutes), and to the rest of the Interstate System. Just two miles west of Wheeling via Lake-Cook and Dundee (Illinois 68) Roads, Illinois 53 (limited access highway) also leads to the Interstate System. North-South Routes U.S. 45 and Illinois 83 also offer easy access to other Chicago Metro Communities.
Commuter Rail transportation is available to Wheeling residents, employees and visitors via the Metra North Central Line (www.metrarail.com) boarded at the Wheeling Metra Station. The North Central Line has regular service to and from Chicago's Union Station, O'Hare Airport (via bus transfer), as well as to suburban communities to the north. Wheeling to Chicago's Union Station on Metra's North Central Line is a 45-minute commute. Congress has recently recommended federal funding for improvements to the North Central Line that would allow for an increase in the number of scheduled commuter trains on the Line. This schedule increase in necessary to accommodate the growing commuter travel population in Wheeling and the north suburbs, as well as the growing Chicago population working in the north suburbs.
Public transportation within the Village and to nearby communities in northern Cook and southern Lake County is provided by Pace bus lines (.
Government in Wheeling
Wheeling's Municipal government is in the Council-Manager form. A professional Village Manager directs day-to-day operations, and policy-making is the task of an elected Village President and Board of Trustees. Residents are welcome to attend and encouraged to take an active role in community affairs, at twice monthly board meetings, and other workshops and special meetings.
The Village of Wheeling enjoys a good financial standing, with good municipal bond ratings as of the date of publication (AA rating: Fitch ICBA and Standard and Poor's). Taxes are reasonable, kept that way through prudent fiscal management and a broad tax base, afforded by a large and diverse base of business and industry located in the Village.
Village of Wheeling Administration Building
225 West Dundee Rd., Wheeling, IL 60090
Wheeling is served by two park districts: